Rather than the fresh new Egyptian Hathor Temple, the newest Midianite worship town didn’t come with images, if decorated or carved, highlighting its aniconism. If the Egyptians kept this place, the latest Midianites grabbed power over the complete area such as the Hathor Forehead. In so doing, they made the space religiously acceptable of the removing Hathors deal with off the fresh stone drawings, and you can reused these stones in their own urban area due to the fact some other pillar. Rothenbergs dispute off was reconfirmed by the previous excavation by Uzi Avner. So it iconoclasm is even mirrored an additional related class, the Kenites (discover appendix).
The brand new culture on Moses wedding to help you an excellent Midianite lady comes with the draw out of credibility: Why must the fresh Israelites create a story about their primary spiritual frontrunners relationship in order to a low-Israelite girl?
Significantly more problematically, Moses not simply discovers his partner among Midianites, but finds out their God there too. While i enjoys contended in other contexts, such as for instance my, “Hovav the fresh Midianite: As to the reasons Are the termination of the story Reduce? (TheTorah, 2016),” brand new biblical texts attempt to soften otherwise hide that it, nevertheless the complete force of your own Moses-in-Midian heritage is but one that explains brand new emergence of your Midianite/proto-Arabian god YHWH-an enthusiastic goddess pregnant personal love-just like the Israels god.
One to after that little bit of proof to own Midianite aniconism is inspired by the fresh Kenites. The connection between Midianites and you will Kenites is actually not sure, but the biblical text sometimes conflates the two, given that Moses dad-in-laws is sometimes referred to as having been that, and often another.
From inside the Judges step one:16, we have been advised your Kenites paid regarding the Arad Area, and scholars have long recommended the town of Horvat Uza try biblical Kina, since weight with its location is called Wadi-el-Keni, we.age., brand new Kenite Load. Excavations of your own Metal II (monarchic period) area there demonstrate that whereas the new surrounding (Israelite!) places got brief carvings of people, Horvat Uza got none. Nadav Naaman, a beneficial historian of the biblical several months out-of Tel Aviv University, suggested this try just like the Kenites have been especially associated with their ancient, aniconic customs.
Similarly, one Kenite shape away from a later on several months, Jehonadab ben Rechab (step one Chron 2:55), is described as that have entered Jehus anti-Baal way (dos Kgs -16). Into the Jeremiah we tune in to that category-the latest Rechabites, a good Kenite subclan-resided a great nomadic tent-hold life, in place of building homes otherwise planting sphere, and you will eschewed wines application. That it existence is actually reminiscent of whatever you find in after times with a separate Arabic group, new Nabateans, who were and additionally aniconic.
Even when the exact dating between catholic singles Midianites, Kenites, and you will Rechabites stays hazy-besides the latter a couple quick communities turned into section of Israel as well as the previous large classification failed to-many of these teams was part of an enthusiastic aniconic, YHWH worshipping culture, which had been accompanied and you may reshaped by Israelites from inside the an earlier months.
This information is considering ch.8 off my, ??? ???? ???”? [How Bible Came into this world] (Israel: Kinneret, Zmora-bitan, Dvir, 2018).
Provider critically, this new revelation out of Gods term in ch. step 3 are area of the Elizabeth otherwise Elohistic provider, whereas the newest disclosure during the section 6 try, in my opinion, regarding Holiness Schools redaction of one’s Pentateuch. Get a hold of Israel Knohl, The newest Haven off Quiet: The fresh Priestly Torah and also the Holiness University, trans. Jackie Feldman and Peretz Rodman (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007; repr. of, Minneapolis, MN; Fortress Press, 1995), 17 [n24]; trans. off, ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? (Jerusalem: Magnes Force, 1992). Most other students, not, accept it as true to be from the Priestly text message (look for talk inside the, David Frankel, “The Priestly Moses,” TheTorah .) Editors mention: For how these texts starred an important role regarding the growth of resource issue, get a hold of Zev Farber, “Documentary Theory: New Revelation away from YHWHs Identity Will continue to Enlighten,” TheTorah (2014).